Sir Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton was an English scientist. He was born 4 January, 1643 in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, England. His father Isaac Newton Sr. was a common farmer in the village. His mother’s name Hannah Ayscough. Newton researches in many branches in science. Physics was one of the important topics of his research. He was also researches like mathematics, astronomy, Alchemy, theology, natural philosopher and author. At this cause he was more and more recognized and popular as a scientist. Here is short summary of Sir Isaac Newton biography.
- Name: Isaac Newton
- Birth: January 4, 1643
- Birth Place: Kensington, London, United Kingdom
- Education: Trinity College 1667-1668
- Died: 31 March 1727, Kensington, London, United Kingdom
In 1987 Newton published his first book “Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica“. In this book, Newton mentions three basic formula of motion and the gravity formula. The formula of motion and universal gravity formula are two of his best inventions. It keep play an important role in classical mechanics.
One of the most famous stories is that Newton was first inspired by the study of the formula of universal gravity ball as he watched an apple fall from a tree. The apple actually hit Newton’s head and that’s why the wit of gravity played to his head.
In the year 1666 he retired again from Cambridge to his mother in Lincolnshire. One day, sitting in the garden, he was deeply worried. At such times the force of gravity (which brings an apple down from the tree to the ground) cannot be confined to a certain distance from the earth. This power, as is generally thought, must retain its strength for a considerable distance. In his own mind he goes on to say, why this ball will not extend to the moon.
And in that case it influences the motion of the moon and possibly places it in orbit. Based on this, he sat down to calculate what the outcome might be.
Newton formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation that formed the dominant scientific viewpoint until it was superseded by the theory of relativity. Newton used his mathematical description of gravity to prove Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, the trajectories of comets, the precession of the equinoxes and other phenomena, eradicating doubt about the Solar System’s heliocentricity.
Newton also made a huge contribution to mathematics. Newton and Leibniz jointly developed a new branch of mathematics called calculus. Newton makes the first practical reflecting telescope and developed a sophisticated theory of color based on the observation that a prism separates white light into the colors of the visible spectrum.
His father died six months before Newton was born. As a result, after 5 years his mother got married and started a family. During this time he lived with his grandmother. Then his mother returned to Woolsthorpe to drop him off from school. Yet his studies did not stop. Newton attended Trinity College, Cambridge, following his uncle’s advice.
From there he passed matriculation in 1661. There he worked as a servant in various places of the college to pay for his education. He originally studied mathematics and Mechanics. He set down in his notebook a series of “Quaestiones” about mechanical philosophy as he found it.
In 1665, he discovered the generalized binomial theorem and began to develop a mathematical theory that later became calculus.
In 1667, he was elected a Fellow of Trinity College. He was appointed Lucasian professor of mathematics in 1669. He was also elected a Member of Parliament from Cambridge. He was first appointed Warden of the Mint in 1695 and later Master of the Mint in the Government of England. He became president of the Royal Society in 1703.
The practice of knowledge did not disrupt Newton’s religious pursuit. The gravity explains the motion of the planets, but it cannot explain who is positioning the planets as dynamic. God controls everything and knows everything that is happening or what is possible.
Newton’s scientific studies brought him tremendous respect. In 1705 he was awarded the title of Knights Bachelor. Most of the time of his life spent in research.
Newton became engaged with Miss Story, but due to her studies and studies, he is not married.
Honor & Awards
Newton was an honorable personality in the scientific world. He was the most popular scientist in the world. He got Knights Bachelor in 1705.
After 1725, Newton’s health declined drastically. He died on 25 March 1727 at the age of 85. Newton’s formulas have taken human civilization to a new level. So Newton’s contribution to the history of science will always be memorable.